Bollinger Band – Price Broke Upper / Lower Band
Bollinger Bands® are volatility bands placed above and below an SMA (20) (simple moving average using 20 periods). The upper / lower bands are calculated as 2 standard deviations above / below the SMA. Standard deviation is a measure of volatility, hence, the bands widen when volatility increases or narrow when volatility decreases. Prices should move within the bands 89% of the time, so a breakout is a significant event.
A bullish Bollinger Band Crossover is formed when price crosses the upper band, while a bearish Bollinger Band Crossover is formed when price crosses the lower band.